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In which part of India Jute is Cultivated ?

The cultivation of jute in India is mainly confined to the eastern region of the country.  The jute crop is grown in nearly 83 districts of seven states - West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya.  West Bengal alone accounts for over 50 percent raw jute production. 

What type of Climate and Soil requires to grow Jute ?

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Jute crop requires humid climate with temperature fluctuating between 24 degree Celsius  and 38 degree Celsius.  Minimum rainfall required for jute cultivation  is 1000 mm.  New grey alluvial soil of good depth receiving silt from annual floods is most suitable for jute growth.  However jute is grown widely in sanding looms and clay loams.

How Jute is Cultivated ?

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Jute is generally sown during March to May depending on the nature of land and atmospheric condition.  About 90 to 100 days after sowing jute plants attains desired length from 8 to 12 feet high, are cut with stickles close to the ground.  The stems are then made into bundles and left on field for 3 to 4 days.  These bundles are then steeped in water for retting, about 3 weeks.  During this period fibre get loosen from the stem of the plant and are separated manually.  These fibres are washed  thoroughly in clean water and dried under sun and made into bundles.

What are the different grade of Raw Jute ?

Raw jute is classified according to quality of jute and its application.  The fine quality white raw jute is graded as W1, W2, W3, -- to W8.  The Tossa raw jute is graded from TD1, TD2, -- to TD8.  Mesta raw jute is grades as Mesta Top, Mesta Mid, Mesta Bottom etc..  Jute mills and jute brokers also grades the raw jute according to jute growing regions.  As Assam1, Assam2 to Assam8.  Bimali1 to Bimali8,  Jungli1 to Jungli8 etc..  The lowest grade is termed as cuttings.




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