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Home > Jute News > Eco-Labelling of Textiles  (2)                                                           




6.0 Ecomark Scheme of Government of India :
In order to increase consumer awareness about the environment, the Government of India (Ministry of Environment and Forests) launched the 'Ecomark' Scheme in 1991 for identification of environment-friendly products.  The scheme intends to encourage manufacture and use of products which are less harmful or have minimum adverse impact on the environment and ultimately, to improve the quality of environment by encouraging sustainable management of resources.  The 'Ecomark' will be administered by the Bureau of Indian Standard for products covered by its scope of work under the BIS Act, 1986 and Rules and Regulations made therunder.  The label known as 'Ecomark' is awarded to cinsumer goods which meet the specified environmental criteria and the quality requirements of relevant Indian Standards.
6.1 'Ecomark' Logo and the Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards :
The standard Mark of the Bureau of India Standards under the 'Ecomark' schemes would be a combination of ISI Mark and 'ECO' logo as given below :
An earthen pot has been chosen as the logo for the Ecomark.  The familiar earthen pot uses a renewable resources like earth, does not produce hazardous waste and consumes little energy in making.  Its solid and graceful form represents both strength and fragility, which also characterises the eco-system.


6.2 Product Coverage :
The Ecomark scheme is primarily a movement of consumers.  Therefore, the ecolabelling scheme is confined to consumer products.  The Ecomark Steering is confined to consumer products.  The Ecomark Steering Committee, set up in the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) recommended to take up the following product categories for the development of Ecomark criteria, in the first phase :
            i) Soaps & detergents;
            ii) paper;
            iii) food items;  
            iv) lubricating oils;
            v) packaging materials/packages
            vi) architectural paints and powder coatings;
            vii) batteris;
            viii) electrical/ electronic goods;
            ix) food additives;
            x) wood substitutes;
            xi) cosmetics;
            xii) aerosol propellants;
            xiii) plastic products;
            xiv) textiles;
            xv) pesticides; and 
            xvi) drugs


6.3 Criteria for Ecomark :
The criteria are based on the cradle-to-grave approach, i.e. from raw material extraction to manufacturing and to disposal.  The basic criteria cover broad environmental levels and aspects (Products general requirements), but are specific at the product level (Product specific requirements).  A product level is examined in terms of the following main environmental impacts :

  • that they have substantially less potential for pollution than other comparable products in production, usage and disposal;

  • that they are recycled, recyclable, made from recycled products or are biodegradable, where comparable products are not;

  • that they make significant contribution to saving non-renewable resources, including non-renewable energy sources and natural resources compared with comparable products; and

  • that they product must contribute to a reduction of the adverse primary criteria which has the highest environment impact associated with the use of the product and which will be specifically set for each of the product categories.



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