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6.4 Eco-labelling Criteria for Textiles (G.S.R. 457(e) dated 4th October  
       1996
6.4.1 General Requirements
i)  All the textile products manufactured shall meet relevant standards of Bureau of Indian Standards.
ii)  The product manufacturer must produce the consent clearance as per the provisions of Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 respectively, alongwith the authorisation, if required, under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and the rules made thereunder to the Bureau of Indian Stndards while applying for ECOMARK.  Additionally, the manufacturer shall produce documentary evidence on compilance of the provisions related to noise level and occupational health under the provisions of Factories Act, 1948 and Rules made thereunder.

iii)  The product packaging may display in brief the criteria based on which the product has been labelled environment friendly.
iv)  The material used for product packaging shall be reusable or made from recyclable or biodegradable materials.
v)  Fatty alcohol based non-ionics as emulsifier shall be used wherever required.
vi)  Polyhalogenated based phenolic fire retardants shall not be used.
vii)  The azo dyes prohibited for handling in India shall not be used. 

International Organisation of Standardisation (ISO) has published ISO 14001:1996 Environmental Management System-Specification with guidence for use.  The Environmental Management System (EMS) is a part of the overall management system of any organisation which enables it to manage its activities, products and services on a proactive basis systematically so as to improve its environmental performance continually.  It includes organisational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the environmental policy of the organisation.  Various organisations (manufacturing and services sectors) can implement the EMS as per this standard and can seek third party certification for improving its public image as an environmentally sound organisation.  However, third party certification is voluntary in nature.  Bureau of Indian Standards has been operating EMS Certification Scheme under which about 30 licences have already been granted, covering textiles, cement, tiles, steel, engineering and chemical units.

The other standard brought out by ISO under 1400 series include :
               14010 series - Environmental Auditing
               14020 series - Environmental Labelling
               14030 series - Environmental Performance Evaluation
               14040 series - Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
               14050 series - Environmental Management Terms and Definitions.

7.1 ISO Standards on Environmental Labelling
ISO has published following standards under environmental labelling :
ISO 14020 : 1998
Environmental Labels and Declaration - General Principles
ISO 14021 : 1999
Environmental Labels and Declarations - Self declared Environmental Claims (Type II Environmental labelling)
ISO 14024 : 1999
Environmental Labels and Declarations - Type I Environmental Labelling - Principles and Procedures.
ISO/TR 14025 : 2000
Environmental Labels and Declarations - Type III Environmental Declarations

   
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